Mage allows you to import targets from another package into the current magefile. This is very useful when you have common targets that you’d like to be able to reuse across many repos.
To import targets from another package, that package must not be a main
package. i.e. it cannot be
package main. This is in contrast to a normal
mage package that must be
package main. The reason is that the go tool won’t
let you import a main package.
In addition, all package files will be imported, so long as they don’t have a
build tag. If you try to import a package consisting only of files with build
//+build mage), it will cause an error since mage doesn’t set any
build tags when importing packages. Any exported function, in imported
packages, that matches Mage’s allowed formats will be picked up as a target.
Aliases and defaults in imported packages will be ignored.
Other than these differences, you can write targets in those packages just like a normal magefile.
Importing targets from a package simply requires adding a
comment on an import statement in your magefile. If there is a name after this
tag, the targets will be imported into what is effectively like a namespace.
import ( // mage:import _ "example.com/me/foobar" // mage:import build "example.com/me/builder" )
The first mage import above will add the targets from the foobar package to the
root namespace of your current magefile. Thus, if there’s a
func Deploy() in
foobar, your magefile will now have a
The second import above will create a
build namespace for the targets in the
builder package. Thus, if there’s a
func All() in builder, your magefile
will now have a
Note that you can use imported package targets as dependencies with
just like any other function works in
mg.Deps, so you could have
If you don’t need to actually use the package in your root magefile, simply make the import an underscore import like the first import above.