Magefiles

A mage file is any regular go file marked with a build target of “mage” and in package main.

// +build mage

package main

You can quickly create a template mage file with the -init option.

mage -init

You may have any number of magefiles in the same directory. Mage doesn’t care what they’re named aside from normal go filename rules. All they need is to have the mage build target. Handily, this also excludes them from your regular builds, so they can live side by side with your normal go files. Magefiles may use any of Go’s usual build constraints, so you can include and exclude magefiles based on OS, arch, etc, whether in the filename or in the +build line.

// +build mage

package main

import (
    "log"
    "os"
)


// Build target is any exported function with zero args with no return or an error return.
// If a target has an error return and returns an non-nil error, mage will print
// that error to stdout and return with an exit code of 1.
func Install() error {

}

// The first sentence in the comment will be the short help text shown with mage -l.
// The rest of the comment is long help text that will be shown with mage -h <target>
func Target() {
    // by default, the log stdlib package will be set to discard output.
    // Running with mage -v will set the output to stdout.
    log.Printf("Hi!")
}

// A var named Default indicates which target is the default.
var Default = Install


// Because build targets are case insensitive, you may not have two build targets
// that lowercase to the same text.  This would give you an error when you tried
// to run the magefile:
// func BUILD() {}

// Targets may have a context argument, in which case a default context is passed
// to the target, which will be cancelled after a timeout if the -t flag is used.
func Build(ctx context.Context) {
    mg.CtxDeps(ctx, Target)
}

$ mage -l
Targets:
  install*   Build target is any exported function with zero args with no return or an error return.
  target     The first sentence in the comment will be the short help text shown with mage -l.

* default target
$ mage -h target
mage target:

The first sentence in the comment will be the short help text shown with mage -l.
The rest of the comment is long help text that will be shown with mage -h <target>